SUMMARY STATEMENT Trees are a vital component of both urban and rural landscapes and their benefits are immensely valued by citizens of the United Kingdom. Tree risk management aims to look after these assets in such a way that their benefits are maintained and enhanced. In doing this, tree management aims to manage the level […]

This paper provides a brief outline of the recent swine flu epidemic that has led to the loss of lives especially in Mexico. It traces the early origins of swine flu, its progression and impacts of the outbreak in 2009. The implications of swine flu potentially infiltrating the African continent are examined. The transmission, symptoms […]

This paper is the second part of a three-part research series exploring toxic waste and transboundary movement of toxic waste from developed to developing countries. Research Series Part 1 traced some of the reasons for the movement of toxic waste from northern to southern countries, focusing especially on waste imports into the African continent. This […]

This paper is the second part of a three-part research series exploring toxic waste and transboundary movement of toxic waste from developed to developing countries. Research Series Part 1 traced some of the reasons for the movement of toxic waste from northern to southern countries, focusing especially on waste imports into the African continent. This […]

This paper is one of a three-part research series exploring the transboundary movement of toxic waste from developed to developing countries. This first part research series traces some of the reasons for the movement of toxic waste from northern to southern countries, focusing especially on waste imports into the African continent. International and regional African […]

This paper is the final part of a three-part research series exploring the transboundary movement of toxic waste from developed to developing countries and waste disposal. Part one highlighted some of the reasons for the movement of toxic waste from northern to southern countries, focusing especially on waste imports into the African continent. Part two […]

This paper examines the 2008 financial crisis and implications for developing countries, especially for Africa. It examines some of the causes of the financial crisis especially in the United States where the dilemma originated. Implications for a global recession and impacts for Africa are highlighted. However, the implications of the financial crisis for the African […]

This paper briefly reviews some of the emerging trends regarding global warming, especially implications for the African continent. It then explores some of the meetings and discourses taking place internationally and within Africa on global warming and climate change that aim to tackle the crisis. It critically examines if the two largest international interventions on […]

This paper evaluates the impact of high commodity prices due to trade liberalisation for developing countries in Africa. Implications of high commodity prices (i.e. macroeconomic instability and loss of state power, unemployment, and poverty and food crisis) are explored focusing mostly on the agricultural sector. Recommendations on how governments may reduce impacts of trade liberalisation […]

This paper provides an overview of the sharing of wealth from natural resources in Africa. It explores the implications of this sharing of wealth especially for local communities who live next to or own these resources. It examines wealth sharing for both renewable and non-renewable natural resources. Due to the diversity of natural resources, it […]